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Tips for Avoiding First-Party “Bad Faith” in Illinois

Illinois does not recognize bad faith as an independent tort. In the first-party context, bad faith is a purely statutory construct which hinges upon whether an insurer’s conduct was “vexatious and unreasonable.” Section 155 of the Illinois Insurance Code (215 ILCS 5/155) provides the exclusive remedy[1] for bad faith conduct by an insurer and also preempts other causes of action that at their core constitute a breach of good faith and fair dealing.[2] Section 154.6 of the Illinois Insurance Code (215 ILCS 5/154.6) enumerates 18 improper claim practices. Although these practices are not dispositive of a Section 155 claim, a court may properly consider the enumerated actions when determining whether an insurer’s conduct was vexatious and unreasonable.[3] As a result,

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Avoiding Insurance Bad Faith
Cozen O’Connor represents insurance clients in jurisdictions throughout the U.S. against statutory and common law first- and third-party extracontractual claims for actual and consequential damages, penalties, punitive and exemplary damages, attorneys’ fees and costs, and coverage payments. Whether bad faith claims are addenda to a broader coverage matter or are central to the complaint, Cozen O’Connor attorneys know how to efficiently respond to extracontractual causes of action. More
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